Brain Conditions

The leading neurosurgeons at Neurological Surgery, P.C. (NSPC) offer neurosurgical treatments for brain conditions requiring expert surgery and care. The board-certified physicians at NSPC are specialists and highly experienced in surgical treatments for a range of brain conditions, including ones that require more immediate care:

  • Aneurysms
  • Arteriovenous Malformations
  • Intracranial Hemorrhage
  • Chiari Malformation
  • Trauma-related injuries

Other brain conditions may have been developing over time and may not be an immediate threat, but may still require top neurosurgeons skilled in the use of state-of-the-art procedures:

  • Depression
  • OCD
  • Neurological Complications of Cancer
  • Post-stroke pain
  • Movement Disorders such as Epilepsy
  • Diseases such as Intracranial Atherosclerotic Disease, Moyamoya, and Parkinson’s

Our multidisciplinary team of doctors has a wide repertoire of treatments including many minimally invasive procedures that limit blood loss and reduce recovery time. Our brain specialists, located in the New York and surrounding region, stay at the forefront of treatments with the latest innovations available—so you get world-class care, locally.

Acoustic Neuroma

What Is an Acoustic Neuroma? An acoustic neuroma is a benign tumor that develops on the cranial nerve connecting the ear to the brain. Also called a vestibular schwannoma, it develops from the overproduction of...
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Anaplastic Tumors

What Is An Anaplastic Tumor? An anaplastic tumor is a cancer with very rapid division of cells that do not resemble normal cells. The cells are apt to infiltrate nearby tissues, making it more difficult—if...
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Aneurysms of the Brain

Brain Aneurysm NSPC has top neurosurgeons for diagnosing and treating brain aneurysms. Our state-of-the-art medical centers with expert physicians who specialize in brain conditions can provide you with the best treatment options available. Brain aneurysms,...
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Arteriovenous Malformations (AVM)

What Is an Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)? An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a vascular abnormality between the veins and arteries of the vascular system. This is a congenital disorder (meaning one is born with them), but...
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Astrocytoma

What Is An Astrocytoma? An astrocytoma develops from the star-shaped astrocytes of the brain. Astro originates from the Greek word for star, cyto means cells, and the suffix -oma means tumor or growth. Astrocytes, oligodendrocytes...
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Brain Lymphoma

What Is Brain Lymphoma? A primary brain lymphoma is rare, arising from lymphatic cells found within the brain. They represent less than 1 percent of all central nervous system (CNS) tumors. A brain lymphoma, or...
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Brain Tumors

Brain Tumor Center in Long Island Although a brain tumor diagnosis can seem overwhelming, new leading-edge treatments for malignant tumors of the brain and spine can provide a measure of hope. Located in the New...
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Carcinomatous Meningitis

What Is Carcinomatous Meningitis? Carcinomatous meningitis is a cancer of the meninges—a covering of the brain—that has spread from a carcinoma such as those of the skin, breast or lung. It is an uncommon complication...
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Cerebral Aneurysms

What Is a Cerebral Aneurysm? A cerebral aneurysm is a bulge of a brain artery from a weakening or thinning of the blood vessel wall. Brain aneurysms that burst can bleed into the brain, called...
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Cerebrovascular Diseases

Cerebrovascular disease is any disease or condition where the blood vessels (vascular) in or connected to the brain (cerebro) have difficulty supplying blood to the brain. Arteries may become blocked by fatty deposits or by...
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Chiari Malformation

What Are Chiari Malformations? Chiari malformations are abnormal formations of the brain, specifically affecting the cerebellum and brainstem. The cerebellum, located at the base of the skull above the brainstem, controls the motor functions, balance,...
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Concussions

What Is a Concussion? A concussion is a traumatic brain injury (usually considered minor) that occurs when the upper body or head is impacted, and the brain is violently shaken inside the skull. The brain...
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Depression

What Is Depression? Depression is a serious biologic disease that affects millions of people each year. The encouraging news is that it can be successfully treated. An estimated 33 to 35 million U.S. adults are...
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Dystonia

What Is Dystonia? Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder characterized by involuntary repetitive and twisted postures and motions, caused by contractions and expansions by opposing muscles. Many different types and categories of dystonia exist. For...
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Ependymoma

Ependymoma is a rare primary tumor in the brain or spinal cord. This type cancer can occur in either adults or children. Ependymal cells are a type of nervous system cells called glia. What Is...
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Essential Tremor

What Is Essential Tremor? Essential tremor is a movement disorder with involuntary rhythmic trembling of the muscles or back and forth oscillations that affect the body part while in motion. This neurologic condition is one...
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Glioblastoma

What Is a Glioblastoma? A glioblastoma, also known as glioblastoma multiforme or grade 4 astrocytoma, is a type of central nervous system tumor that forms from glial (supportive) tissue of the brain and spinal cord,...
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Gliomas

What Is a Glioma? A glioma is a category of tumors that develop from glial cells of the brain and spinal cord. Glial cells include astrocytes, ependymal, oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells. Types of Gliomas Symptoms...
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High-grade Tumors

Tumors are an abnormal growth of cells that form a mass. They are classified according to how abnormal the cells and tissue appear when viewed under a microscope. Grading systems are different for each type...
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Hydrocephalus

Initially, ancient physicians believe that hydrocephalus was a build-up of water on the brain. This “water” is actually cerebrospinal fluid that collects in the head. Hydrocephalus can be categorized by when it occurs: congenital hydrocephalus...
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Intracranial Atherosclerotic Disease

What Is Intracranial Atherosclerotic Disease? Intracranial atherosclerotic disease is the progressive narrowing of the cerebral arteries within the skull (intracranial). The arteries that supply oxygen-enriched blood to the brain are the carotid arteries and the...
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Intracranial Hemorrhage

Bleeding (hemorrhage) inside the skull, also called the cranium (intracranial) is a serious medical emergency—if you suspect an intracranial hemorrhage get immediate treatment. Intracranial hemorrhages can develop between the skull and the brain or within...
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Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis

What Is Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis? Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis, also called leptomeningeal metastases, is the spread of cancer cells that multiply within the cerebrospinal fluid in the leptomeninges—the pia mater and arachnoid membranes that line the brain. Usually...
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Lymphomatous Meningitis

What Is Lymphomatous Meningitis? Lymphomatous meningitis is a progressive disease caused by the spread of lymphoma (cancer of the lymph nodes or thymus) cells into the leptomeninges, the protective membrane of the brain and spinal...
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Medulloblastoma

What Is a Medulloblastoma? Named for the location of the tumor, a medulloblastoma is located in the cerebellum (lower, back portion of the brain). As a primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) that forms from unused embryonic...
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Meningiomas

What Is A Meningioma? Meningiomas are tumors of the meninges (covering of the brain and spinal cord). The tumors usually are slow-growing and benign, but a small percentage of meningiomas become malignant. Meningiomas are a...
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Mesial Temporal Sclerosis

What Is Mesial Temporal Sclerosis? The left and right medial temporal lobes of the brain assist in memory formation. They include the hippocampus and the amygdala. Sclerosis is abnormal hardening of tissue. Mesial temporal sclerosis...
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Metastatic Tumors

What Are Metastatic Tumors? Tumors that originate in one location and spread to other parts of the body are referred to as metastatic tumors. An example of this is when a patient has lung cancer...
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Movement Disorders

What Are Movement Disorders? Movement Disorders are a category of neurological conditions that have abnormal, involuntary or excessively slow movements that are generated from within the brain or spinal cord. A wide variety of conditions...
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Moyamoya Disease

What Is Moyamoya? Moyamoya is a rare vascular-occlusive (blockage of blood vessels) disease that affects the intracranial carotid artery. The stenosis, narrowing and thickening of the artery, is non-artherosclerotic, meaning it is not caused by...
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Neoplastic Meningitis

What Is Neoplastic Meningitis? Neoplastic meningitis is the growth of non-functional tissue (called a neoplasm) that forms in the meninges (covering of the brain) and the subarachnoid space of the brain, and spreads through the...
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Neurological Complications of Cancer

With the rise in a longer life expectancy for many cancer patients, there are a number of complications and consequences. These can range from side effects due to cancer treatment drugs and surgeries, all the...
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Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH)

What Is Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH)? Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain’s ventricles (fluid-filled cavities). This type of imbalance in the CSF most often occurs in those...
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Occipital Neuralgia

What Is Occipital Neuralgia? Occipital neuralgia is a condition characterized by piercing, throbbing or electric-shock-like pain where the greater and lesser occipital nerves are located in the back of the neck and head. Irritation or...
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Oligodendroglioma

What Is an Oligodendroglioma? Oligodendroglioma is a tumor made of oligodendrocyte cells, a form of glial cells that are the underpinnings of brain tissue. Oligodendrocytes help form the myelin sheath, the protective covering over nerves...
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Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder which involves the deterioration and loss of irreplaceable neurons in the substantia nigra, a portion of the brain that helps direct controlled movement. This deterioration of neurons leads to...
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Phantom Limb Pain

What Is Phantom Limb Pain? Phantom limb pain is a painful sensation from a limb that does not exist (usually due to amputation, but the condition sometimes occurs in patients who were born without the...
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Pituitary Tumor

What Is a Pituitary Tumor? The pituitary gland produces hormones that control many other glands and organs in the body. A pituitary tumor is an abnormal growth on the pituitary gland, which is attached to...
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Post-Stroke Pain

What Is Post-Stroke Pain? A stroke is an injury to the brain due to the interruption of the blood supply, which causes destruction of a portion of brain tissue that can lead to weakness, numbness,...
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Postherpetic Neuralgia

What Is Postherpetic Neuralgia? Postherpetic neuralgia is a painful skin condition that occurs after a shingles eruption. The chickenpox virus (also called herpes zoster or varicella zoster) remains in the body and when reactivated causes...
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Seizure Disorder

What Is a Seizure Disorder? A seizure disorder occurs when there is an imbalance in the brain’s electrical activity, and the cerebral neurons misfire causing interference with the signals to the brain—leading to a loss...
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Spasticity

What Is Spasticity? Spasticity is a condition with involuntary constant muscle contraction, causing muscles to shorten and become stiff and inflexible. Causes and Symptoms of Spasticity Spasticity can be caused by injuries, diseases and other...
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Stroke

A stroke occurs due to the disruption of the blood flow in the brain, either a blockage that prevents blood from reaching brain tissue, called an ischemic stroke, or bleeding in the brain, called a...
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Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

What Is a Subarachnoid Hemorrhage? A subarachnoid hemorrhage is bleeding in the space between one of the coverings of your brain called the arachnoid membrane and the surface of your brain. Bleeding of this type...
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Subdural Hematoma (SDH)

What Is a Subdural Hematoma? A subdural hematoma is the pooling of blood (hematoma) underneath the dura (subdural), the covering of the brain. This bleeding occurs when the blood vessels that bridge the subdural space,...
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Traumatic Brain Injury

What Is Traumatic Brain Injury? Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also called intracranial injury, or simply head injury, can occur from a sudden blow to the head, rapid acceleration or deceleration of the head, or an...
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Tremor

Tremors themselves are not dangerous or life threatening, but they are often a point of embarrassment. In addition to the social stigma surrounding tremors, there is also the problem with daily tasks being impeded. What...
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