Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also called intracranial injury, or simply head injury, can occur from a sudden blow to the head, rapid acceleration or deceleration of the head, or an impact of a projectile that causes brain damage.
Parts of the brain that can be damaged from traumatic brain injury include the cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum and brainstem. TBI can be limited to one area of the brain (focal) or it can be spread among multiple areas of the brain (diffuse).
A concussion is an example of diffuse trauma to the brain. Localized injuries may be associated with abnormal behavior and impairment of skills, weakness on one side of the body or other nervous system deficits.
Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury
Many traumatic brain injuries result from an acquired brain injury (injury to the brain that occurs after birth):
Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury
Symptoms of a traumatic brain injury can range from mild to severe, depending on the extent of damage to the brain:
Depending on the symptom and the TBI, these traumatic brain injury symptoms can last an hour, a day, weeks, months or even become permanent.
Other serious states of consciousness can result from a TBI:
stupor (impaired consciousness)
persistent vegetative state,
and brain death.
TBI can also be accompanied by spinal cord injury, where motor signals to and from the brain can become lost.
How Is Traumatic Brain Injury Diagnosed?
In most cases, a traumatic brain injury patient will need to go to the hospital’s emergency room for testing, which may include imaging tests to determine the diagnosis and prognosis of a patient, and to help determine the proper TBI treatment. Tests may also include skull and neck X-rays to determine any bone fractures or spinal damage or a computed tomography(CT) scan.
The new ImPACT Concussion System (Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing) is a computerized test to evaluate a concussion victim’s neurocognitive abilities. Neurological Surgery, P.C. (NSPC) has ImPACT-certified doctors who can evaluate and determine the safest post-concussion plan for each athlete.
How Does NSPC Treat Traumatic Brain Injury?
TBI treatment must begin immediately in order to stabilize patients and focus on preventing further injury. Primary concerns include ensuring proper oxygen supply to the brain and body, maintaining adequate blood flow and controlling blood pressure.
Surgical treatment by one of our neurosurgeons may include decompressive craniectomy, which involves removing a large section of bone so that the brain can swell and expand, or craniotomy, where a hole is expertly cut into the skull to create a bone flap so that the surgeon can access the brain and repair the damage.
Once TBI patients have been stabilized, an individualized treatment plan may involve rehabilitation efforts to teach patients how to cope with their specific injury-related symptoms and recover from any physical deficits.
What Sets NSPC Apart from Other Neurological Surgery Groups?
Ground-breaking TBI treatment and surgical skill that keep us at the forefront of traumatic brain injury treatment, and expert multidisciplinary teams that provide personalized treatment plans for each of our patients, ensure the best possible outcomes.
At NSPC in Long Island and the greater NY area, we’re dedicated to making great strides in the treatment of traumatic brain injury and its effects on motor signals to and from the brain.
Our renowned neurologists, neurosurgeons and neuropsychologists collaborate to develop a personalized TBI treatment plan that may include expert surgical treatment such as decompressive craniectomy or craniotomy, as well as rehabilitative care to stabilize any medical issues related to the brain injury, prevent secondary complications, restore any lost functional abilities and improve quality of life. Our award-winning treatment centers in the New York area provide expert traumatic brain injury treatment.