Spine Conditions

The highly skilled multidisciplinary team of physicians at Neurological Surgery, P.C. provide expert neurosurgical treatments for all types of spine conditions including degenerative disorders, trauma-related conditions, and cancers. The expertise and excellence of the spine doctors at NSPC give you world-class care in convenient New York area locations.

Our specialists treat complex and serious spine conditions with the latest neurosurgical options—when less conservative approaches don’t work. Our experienced group of endovascular neuroradiologists, neuro-oncologists, neurophysiologists, neuropsychologists and neurosurgeons offer the latest advancements in spine treatments.

Arteriovenous Malformations (AVM)

What Is an Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)? An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a vascular abnormality between the veins and arteries of the vascular system. This is a congenital disorder (meaning one is born with them), but...
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Carcinomatous Meningitis

What Is Carcinomatous Meningitis? Carcinomatous meningitis is a cancer of the meninges—a covering of the brain—that has spread from a carcinoma such as those of the skin, breast or lung. It is an uncommon complication...
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Cerebrovascular Diseases

Cerebrovascular disease is any disease or condition where the blood vessels (vascular) in or connected to the brain (cerebro) have difficulty supplying blood to the brain. Arteries may become blocked by fatty deposits or by...
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Chiari Malformation

What Are Chiari Malformations? Chiari malformations are abnormal formations of the brain, specifically affecting the cerebellum and brainstem. The cerebellum, located at the base of the skull above the brainstem, controls the motor functions, balance,...
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Degenerative Scoliosis

What Is Degenerative Scoliosis? Degenerative scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine. Occurring in adults, it is the progressive deterioration of the vertebrae. Causes and Symptoms of Degenerative Scoliosis Although untreated or undiagnosed adolescent...
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Ependymoma

Ependymoma is a rare primary tumor in the brain or spinal cord. This type cancer can occur in either adults or children. Ependymal cells are a type of nervous system cells called glia. What Is...
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Failed Back Syndrome

Failed back surgery syndrome occurs when back pain persists after spine surgery—beyond normal post-surgery pain while recovering. Instead, the surgery did not provide the expected results or, in fact, created additional back pain. What are...
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Glioblastoma

What Is a Glioblastoma? A glioblastoma, also known as glioblastoma multiforme or grade 4 astrocytoma, is a type of central nervous system tumor that forms from glial (supportive) tissue of the brain and spinal cord,...
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Gliomas

What Is a Glioma? A glioma is a category of tumors that develop from glial cells of the brain and spinal cord. Glial cells include astrocytes, ependymal, oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells. Types of Gliomas Symptoms...
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Herniated Discs

What Is a Herniated Disc? A herniated disc occurs when the soft, spongy cushions (called discs) between the vertebrae tear and the inner gelatinous material leaks out (herniate). The annulus fibrosus is the exterior layer...
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Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis

What Is Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis? Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis, also called leptomeningeal metastases, is the spread of cancer cells that multiply within the cerebrospinal fluid in the leptomeninges—the pia mater and arachnoid membranes that line the brain. Usually...
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Lymphomatous Meningitis

What Is Lymphomatous Meningitis? Lymphomatous meningitis is a progressive disease caused by the spread of lymphoma (cancer of the lymph nodes or thymus) cells into the leptomeninges, the protective membrane of the brain and spinal...
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Neoplastic Meningitis

What Is Neoplastic Meningitis? Neoplastic meningitis is the growth of non-functional tissue (called a neoplasm) that forms in the meninges (covering of the brain) and the subarachnoid space of the brain, and spreads through the...
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Pinched Nerve

What Is a Pinched Nerve? A pinched nerve is compressed by nearby tissue such as a bone, tendons, cartilage or muscles. Although other nerves can be squeezed, or pinched, we’ll focus on nerves in the...
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Schwannoma

What Is a Schwannoma? A Schwannoma, also called a neurilemmoma, is an abnormal growth, usually benign, of the Schwann cells that cover the myelin sheath of the nerve. Schwann cells form the covering of the...
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Sciatica

What Is Sciatica? Sciatica is the name for a group of symptoms including pain and other sensations that occur when the sciatic nerve roots coming out of the spinal cord and extending into the lower...
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Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a disorder in which a person’s spine is curved to the side. The condition can affect any part of the spine, but typically the curvature occurs in two main places in the spine....
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Spasticity

What Is Spasticity? Spasticity is a condition with involuntary constant muscle contraction, causing muscles to shorten and become stiff and inflexible. Causes and Symptoms of Spasticity Spasticity can be caused by injuries, diseases and other...
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Spina Bifida

Worldwide, spina bifida is one of the most common of all birth defects, affecting nearly 1 in 1000 newborns. Most cases are asymptomatic, but cosmetic deficiencies involving the skin on the back are fairly common,...
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Spinal Cord Injury

A spinal cord injury occurs when trauma (generally from an accident) results in physical damage to the spinal cord itself. Depending on the part of the spine where the nerve fibers are damaged, the results...
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Spinal Fractures

Spinal fractures happen when there is trauma to the vertebrae. Sometimes this is major trauma that is recognized immediately, while other times it can be the onset of back pain in older patients where bone...
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Spinal Instability

Advanced treatment, close to home Spinal Instability, also sometimes called lumbar instability, is defined as the inability of the spinal column to maintain its normal configuration under normal usage conditions. A healthy spine provides structure,...
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Spinal Stenosis

What Is Spinal Stenosis? The spinal canal is the space that the spinal cord and the spinal nerves pass through. Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of this spinal cavity. This can cause a compression of...
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Spinal Tumor

Occasional or intermittent back pain is typically due to normal stress or strains that are common to aging-related changes. Sometimes they can be due to degenerative diseases. In rare instances, these types of pains can...
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Spondylolisthesis

What Is Spondylolisthesis? Spondylolisthesis occurs when one vertebral disc shifts from its proper position and slips forward over the disc below it. The spine condition can be further described by type: Isthmic Spondylolisthesis — the...
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Syringomyelia

What Is Syringomyelia? Syringomyelia is disorder consisting of a fluid-filled cyst in the tubular cavity of the spinal cord. This cyst, called a syrinx, can expand and elongate over time, destroying the spinal cord. If...
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